This post has been republished via RSS; it originally appeared at: New blog articles in Microsoft Tech Community.
We are actively building out our program by developing resources for both partners and Defense Industrial Base (DIB) companies to leverage in their Cybersecurity Maturity Model Certification (CMMC) journey. These tools cannot guarantee a positive CMMC adjudication, but they may assist candidate organizations by improving their CMMC posture going into a formal CMMC review in accordance with CMMC Accreditation Body (AB) standards. While we plan to release resources and guidance in waves, please keep in mind we are dependent upon the CMMC AB finalizing the CMMC guidance itself.
Here is a summary of current resources to help get you started:
Microsoft Compliance Manager with Assessment Templates
Microsoft Compliance Manager is a feature in the Microsoft 365 compliance center that helps you manage your organization’s compliance requirements with greater ease and convenience. Compliance Manager may help you throughout your compliance journey, from taking inventory of your apparent data protection risks to managing the complexities of implementing controls, staying current with regulations and certifications, and reporting to auditors.
Note: Compliance Manager is only available in Commercial at the time of this writing and is reflective of existing CMMC guidance, which is subject to change and refinement by the CMMC Accreditation Body. The roadmap plan is to make Compliance Manager available in Microsoft 365 Government by end of the calendar year 2020.
Compliance Manager helps simplify compliance and reduces risk by providing:
- Pre-built assessments for common industry and regional standards and regulations, or custom assessments to meet your unique compliance needs.
- Workflow capabilities to help you efficiently complete your risk assessments through a single tool.
- Detailed step-by-step guidance on suggested improvement actions to help you comply with known CMMC standards and regulations that are most relevant for your organization. For actions that are managed by Microsoft, you’ll see implementation details and audit results.
- A projected risk-based compliance score to help you understand your compliance posture by measuring your progress in completing improvement actions.
Your Compliance Manager dashboard shows your current projected CMMC compliance score, helps you see what needs attention, and guides you to key improvement actions. Below is an example of what your Compliance Manager dashboard will look like:
Please note, the Compliance Manager dashboard is a projection of your organization’s CMMC compliance profile based on all available information to date—Microsoft is not an accrediting body under the CMMC, and thus cannot guarantee any outcome under the formal CMMC review process.
Understanding your compliance score
Compliance Manager awards you points for completing improvement actions taken to comply with a regulation, standard, or policy, and combines those points into an overall compliance score. Each action has a different impact on your score depending on the potential risks involved. Your compliance score helps you prioritize which actions to focus on to improve your overall compliance posture.
Compliance Manager gives you an initial score based on the Microsoft 365 data protection baseline. This baseline is a set of controls that includes key regulations and standards for data protection and general data governance.
Azure Security Center with Azure Blueprints
Azure Security Center
Microsoft uses a wide variety of physical, infrastructure, and operational controls to help secure Azure, but there are additional actions you need to take to help safeguard your workloads. You may turn on the Azure Security Center to strengthen your cloud security posture:
- Assess and visualize the security state of your resources in Azure, on-premises, and in other clouds with Azure Secure Score;
- Simplify enterprise compliance and view your compliance against regulatory requirements such as NIST SP 800-171 and CMMC;
- Protect all your hybrid cloud workloads with Azure Defender, which is integrated with Security Center; and
- Use AI and automation to cut through false alarms, quickly identify threats, and streamline threat investigation.
You may assess the security state of all your cloud resources, including servers, storage, SQL, networks, applications, and workloads that are running in Azure, on-premises, and in other clouds. This includes the ability to visualize your security state and improve your security posture by using Azure Secure Score recommendations. You may view your compliance against a wide variety of regulatory requirements or company security requirements by centrally managing security policies to perform ongoing assessment and get rich, actionable insights and reports to simplify compliance.
Note: The Azure Security Center is available today in both Commercial and in Azure Government.
Just as a blueprint allows an engineer or an architect to sketch a project's design parameters, Azure Blueprints enables cloud architects and central information technology groups to define a repeatable set of Azure resources that implements and adheres to an organization's standards, patterns, and requirements. Azure Blueprints makes it possible for development teams to rapidly build and stand up new environments with trust they're building within organizational compliance with a set of built-in components, such as networking, to speed up development and delivery.
Blueprints are a declarative way to orchestrate the deployment of various resource templates and other artifacts such as:
- Role Assignments
- Policy Assignments
- Azure Resource Manager templates (ARM templates)
- Resource Groups
The Azure Blueprints service is designed to help with environment setup. This setup often consists of a set of resource groups, policies, role assignments, and ARM template deployments. A blueprint is a package to bring each of these artifact types together and allow you to compose and version that package, including through a continuous integration and continuous delivery (CI/CD) pipeline. Ultimately, each is assigned to a subscription in a single operation that can be audited and tracked.
With Azure Blueprints, the relationship between the blueprint definition (what should be deployed) and the blueprint assignment (what was deployed) is preserved. This connection supports improved tracking and auditing of deployments. Azure Blueprints can also upgrade several subscriptions at once that are governed by the same blueprint.
A blueprint sample for NIST SP 800-171 is available today. We are working to author a new CMMC Level 3 blueprint sample to be available by the end of calendar year 2020.
Compliance Manager and the Azure Security Center
You may observe there are two different compliance tools depending on the use of Microsoft 365 or Microsoft Azure. While there are currently two different tools, they are not mutually exclusive in use. Holistic compliance with CMMC requires the use of both the Compliance Manager and the Azure Security Center. You deploy the Compliance Manager with the Assessment Template for CMMC for coverage of Microsoft 365 products and features, such as Office 365 and Enterprise Mobility & Security. Generally speaking, this includes coverage for most SaaS offerings. You will also want to deploy the Azure Security Center with the Azure Blueprint sample for CMMC (roadmap) for coverage of Azure IaaS and PaaS offerings. We are working on integration between the two tools along with integration with Azure Sentinel in the future roadmap. In the meantime, you will need to leverage both panes of glass for CMMC compliance.
Zero Trust Architecture with Azure Blueprints
Zero Trust Architecture
Today, many of our customers in regulated industries are adopting a Zero Trust architecture - moving to a security model that more effectively adapts to the complexity of the modern environment, embraces the mobile workforce, and protects people, devices, applications, and data wherever they’re located.
Regardless of where the request originates or what resource it accesses, Zero Trust teaches us to “never trust, always verify.” In a Zero Trust model, every access request is strongly authenticated, authorized within policy constraints, and inspected for anomalies before granting access. This approach aids the process of achieving compliance for industries that use NIST-based controls including the DIB and government.
A Zero Trust approach should extend throughout the entire digital estate and serve as an integrated security philosophy and end-to-end strategy, across three primary principles: (1) verify explicitly, (2) enforce least privilege access, and (3) assume breach.
Azure blueprint for Zero Trust
We have developed a GitHub Repo for an Azure Blueprint sample enabling Configuration-as-Code for Azure subscriptions. The Azure Blueprint for Zero Trust enables application developers and security administrators to more easily create hardened environments for their application workloads. Essentially, the blueprint will help you implement Zero Trust controls across six foundational elements: identities, devices, applications, data, infrastructure, and networks.
Using the Azure Security Center and Azure Blueprints service, the Zero Trust blueprint sample will first configure your VNET to deny all network traffic by default, enabling you to extend it and/or set rules for selective traffic based on your business needs. In addition, the blueprint enforces and maintains Azure resource behaviors and configuration in compliance with specific NIST SP 800-53 security control requirements using Azure Policy.
The blueprint includes Azure Resource Manager templates to deploy and configure Azure resources such as Virtual Network, Network Security Groups, Azure Key Vault, Azure Monitor, Azure Security Center, and more. If you’re working with applications that need to comply with FedRAMP High or DoD Impact Level 4 requirements or just want to improve the security posture of your cloud deployment, the blueprint for Zero Trust is designed to help you get there faster.
The Azure blueprint for Zero Trust is currently in preview with limited support. To learn more and find instructions to deploy into Azure, see Azure blueprint for Zero Trust. For more information, questions, and feedback, please contact us at Zero Trust blueprint feedback.
We are also working on a new version of the Azure blueprint for Zero Trust to be released by the end of calendar year 2020. Once we have the updated version released, we will begin updates in support of NIST SP 800-171 and CMMC for availability in the first half of calendar year 2021.
Microsoft Product Placemat for CMMC
The Microsoft Product Placemat for CMMC is an interactive view representing how Microsoft cloud products and services satisfy requirements for CMMC practices. The user interface resembles a periodic table of CMMC Practice Families. The default view illustrates the practices with Microsoft Coverage that are inherited from the underlying cloud platform. It also depicts practices for Shared Coverage where the underlying cloud platform contributes coverage for specific practices but requires additional customer configuration to satisfy requirements for full coverage. For each practice that aligns with Microsoft Coverage or Shared Coverage, verbal customer implementation guidance and practice implementation details are documented. This enables you to drill down into each practice and discover details on inheritance and prescriptive guidance for actions to be taken by the customer to meet practice requirements in the shared scope of responsibility for compliance with CMMC.
In addition to the default view, you may select and include products, features and suite SKUs to adjust how each cloud product is placed with CMMC. For example, you may select the Microsoft 365 E5 SKU for maximum coverage of CMMC where 18 of the CMMC practices are Microsoft Coverage, versus 72 practices are Shared Coverage. This is extraordinary as nearly 70% of the practices for CMMC Level 3 have coverage leveraging the spectrum of capabilities on the Microsoft cloud!
The Microsoft Product Placemat for CMMC is currently under development with a planned release by the end of calendar year 2020. CMMC Acceleration Program participants will be offered a private preview in the November timeframe.
CMMC Compliance Documentation
There are several artifacts we are working on for release by the end of calendar year 2020, to include:
- SSP: System Security Plan with customer scope of responsibility detailed
- CIS: Control Implementation Summary per environment (IaaS, PaaS and SaaS)
- SAR: Security Assessment Report from Microsoft’s C3PAO engagement
- Documented auditor observations based on pre-defined tenant configuration
Microsoft Cybersecurity Reference Architecture
The Microsoft Cybersecurity Reference Architecture (MCRA) describes Microsoft’s cybersecurity capabilities and how they integrate with existing security architectures. We have seen this document used for several purposes by our customers to include:
- Starting template for a security architecture - The most common use case we see is that organizations use the document to help define a target state for cybersecurity capabilities. Organizations find this architecture useful because it covers capabilities across the modern enterprise estate that now spans on-premises, mobile devices, many clouds, and IoT / Operational Technology.
- Comparison reference for security capabilities - We know of several organizations that have marked up a printed copy with what capabilities they already own from various Microsoft license suites (many customers don't know they own quite a bit of this technology), which ones they already have in place (from Microsoft or partner/3rd party), and which ones are new and could fill a need.
- Learn about Microsoft capabilities - In presentation mode, each capability has a "ScreenTip" with a short description of each capability + a link to documentation on that capability to learn more.
- Learn about Microsoft's integration investments - The architecture includes visuals of key integration points with partner capabilities (e.g. SIEM/Log integration, Security Appliances in Azure, DLP integration, and more) and within our own product capabilities among (e.g. Advanced Threat Protection, Conditional Access, and more).
- Learn about Cybersecurity - We have also heard reports of folks new to cybersecurity using this as a learning tool as they prepare for their first career or a career change.
An update will be released by the end of calendar year 2020 to include the branding updates announced at Ignite 2020. Most notably, the use of the Microsoft Defender branding will be incorporated in the update to MCRA.
Microsoft Blog Posts on CMMC
- Accelerating CMMC compliance for Microsoft cloud (in depth review)
- CMMC Blog Series
- Access Control Maturity
- Audit & Accountability Maturity
- Asset & Configuration Management Maturity
- Identification & Authentication Maturity
- Incident Response Maturity
- Maintenance & Media Protection Maturity
- Recovery & Risk Management Maturity
- Security Assessment & Situational Awareness Maturity
- System & Communications Protection Maturity
- System & Information Integrity Maturity
Program Scaffolding for Managed Service Providers
Behind the scenes, we are actively working with our partner community, and in particular the Managed Service Providers (MSP), to deliver scaffolding in the construction of CMMC offerings. The CMMC Acceleration Program is comprised of many different components as described above, and several that are yet unannounced. The intent is to provide building blocks, or what we call “scaffolding”, to our partners in support of their CMMC offers. Our partners will be enabled in our partner marketplace with advance specializations for CMMC and their concentration on the Defense Industrial Base. In alignment with the commitments made in our original CMMC Announcement, our MSP partners will implement reference architectures and compliance solutions for CMMC.
Into the Future
Microsoft is actively engaged with customers, partners, the CMMC Accreditation Body, and multiple industry working groups to refine what resources we should develop and make available as part of the CMMC Acceleration Program. We have many grand ideas, and welcome to feedback from the community at large. Please don’t hesitate to reach out to us at email@example.com with your input and any interest you may have in learning more about the program.
Updated! Accelerating CMMC compliance for Microsoft cloud (in depth review)
New! Microsoft CMMC Acceleration Program Update – October 2020 (This One)
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